Hepatitis B

Some are due to hepatitis viruses cause liver inflammation. These are mainly for hepatitis A, B, C. Several types of viruses are responsible for these hepatitis: the hepatitis A virus (HAV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV). There are other less common hepatitis (E, F, G ...).

Each of these hepatitis has a different transmission mode, events more or less spectacular but also an evolution of the particular disease, some are frequently benign others may become chronic and lead to chronic lesions in the liver.
In addition to this form, read our case: All about hepatitis B.

Hepatitis B is caused by type B virus
Its mode of transmission is different from that of hepatitis A. The virus is found in blood, sexual secretions ... The disease is transmitted to a healthy individual when the virus comes into contact with blood.

The virus is not fragile, it can live outdoors on toilet articles, so anything that affects the skin and can cause even minor injury should not be shared.

A sexually transmitted disease (STD)
Hepatitis B is a sexually transmitted disease, that is to say, it can sometimes be transmitted during sexual intercourse. Indeed, the virus is present in vaginal secretions and semen. If the partner has a healthy wound, he may contract the disease, the virus being in contact with his blood. People who have multiple partners are more at risk than people with a stable sexual life.

Hepatitis B drug
Hepatitis B is very common among drug users who use the multi-drug injection equipment (spoon, cotton, needle, syringe).
Occupational disease
Hepatitis B can be recognized as an occupational disease: there are strict hygiene measures in the medical community. Specific protocols must be monitored by the nursing staff to avoid being contaminated gloves for wound care ...
Dental care, acupuncture is performed by dentists and doctors, they ensure that the equipment used for care is fully sterilized or disposable.

Transfusions of blood and blood products today are not contaminated, it would be exceptional: a systematic screening of all donated blood is made.
Professional tattoos and piercings should only use of disposable equipment.