Mumps is a viral disease of childhood

Mumps is a viral disease of childhood

Mumps is a viral disease, usually not serious. This disease is very contagious, it occurs in epidemics especially in early childhood. It is transmitted through droplets of saliva.

The parotid glands are affected

The virus has a tropism glandular, that is to say that it will be housed preferably in some particularly parotid glands: these are salivary glands located in front of the ear lobes, it can also reach the pancreas is in the abdomen and testicles, it can also touch, rarely, the nervous system ..

The course of the disease

The incubation period (from when the body is affected by the virus and the appearance of signs of illness) lasts about three weeks and the patient is contagious about 7 days before the onset of the disease and for another 7 days.

He healed without complications in most cases. A person who caught the mumps is protected all his life against this virus.

A pear-shaped face

The little patient has a fever and her face contorted parotitis: indeed the parotid glands are affected by the virus and they are swollen: the patient's face is pear-shaped. It is often the only signs that appear.

Sometimes the disease goes completely unnoticed.

Pubescent boys, watch out! Risk of infertility

Some children have never been in contact with the mumps virus or vaccinated, they are not immune and can then contract the disease when they are adolescents or adults.

The danger of this disease is that a pubescent male child or an adult is reached: the testes may be affected and the risk of infertility exists.

No specific treatment

There is no treatment against mumps. It is useful to prescribe painkillers to fight against pain and antipyretics for fever control cons.

Prevention is vaccination

It is strongly recommended to vaccinate young children against mumps at age 1 year, 9 months for those who go to nursery group.

This vaccine is often combined vaccine against measles and rubella cons. It is recommended that a reminder from 3 years.

This is the best way to prevent the disease and thus eliminate the risk of infringement of the testicles in pubescent boys


Mumps, caused by the mumps virus primarily affects the parotid glands.

After puberty, boys, the testicles can be achieved and the risk of infertility exists.

Vaccinating children is the way to avoid this accident.