Rubella

Rubella is a viral disease, contagious

Rubella is a viral disease. The reservoir of rubella virus is humans, this virus is spread through the air from one person to another.


The disease is highly contagious and is often contracted during childhood when it is mild and slightly uncomfortable and may even go unnoticed.


It seems rash or not starting behind the ears as small red patches, the rash spreads to the face and then throughout the body, the fever is seldom severe. Sometimes it appears glands in the neck and behind the ears.


The patient is contagious for about ten days before the onset of the disease and the eruption of buttons for 2 weeks. When the disease goes unnoticed despite a plague of viruses is the same.


Congenital rubella

The major danger of this infectious disease is a pregnant woman is reached: in fact, that the baby bears it might also have a rubella as the disease is mild in children, both in the virus causes the embryo or fetus during its development, multiple serious birth defects varies with age of pregnancy: the eyes, ears, heart and brain, the CRS may be responsible for blindness deafness, heart problems and mental retardation in children being born.


This is an indication of therapeutic abortion.


Hence the interest of preventing the disease before the age women are having children.


Prevention is vaccination

Today young children are vaccinated at the age of 1 year (or earlier if they have to go to a nursery), usually at the same time as that against measles and mumps cons (one Shot Protection of 3 diseases), a booster shot is made at the age of 3 years.

Even little boys are vaccinated, the goal is to eradicate the disease as the only reservoir of virus is human, it makes sense to have this vaccination policy overall.

Vaccination enables the body to produce specific antibodies against this virus and to protect life.

When a young girl consults a doctor or a gynecologist for example for a first birth, it is useful to have a rubella serology to determine if it is protected: that is to say whether his body has manufactured antibodies that are able to fight effectively against the virus. The blood test used to assay the anti-rubella.

This examination is required as part of the premarital examination.