World leaders call for legalizing marijuana

The 19 members of the Committee on Global Drug Policy, including Vargas Llosa, Carlos Fuentes and Zedillo, they believe that decriminalization is a viable option for reducing violence.

The final report of the Global Commission on Drug Policy (IDPC, for its acronym in English) provides that the fight against global drug trafficking "has failed", so that reforms are needed "urgent", including the decriminalization of marijuana.

The commission is an international network of NGOs specialized in drug issues, established in 2007.

"The war on drugs has not reduced their consumption and, instead, filled the prisons, costing billions of dollars, organized crime and fires have caused thousands of deaths," said the drafting group composed of Kofi Annan, former secretary UN chief and several former American presidents and intellectuals.

"It's time to discuss all drug policy options, including experimental models of legal regulation of narcotics (especially marijuana) to undermine the power of organized crime and safeguard the health and safety of its citizens."

War report on drugs, it will be presented today in New York, explains that "efforts to decriminalize narcotics do not result in a significant increase in drug use" and cites the examples of Portugal, the Netherlands and a province of Australia " .

César Gaviria, former president of Colombia and member of the commission, given that "the fact that the global drug market has grown continuously makes that Mexico is experiencing these problems of violence."

The paper explains that the global strategy to combat drugs, driven by Richard Nixon 40 years ago has failed, and suggests a need to weaken the cartel leaders and not the retail sellers, as these are easily replaced.

"There is a risk that state agencies and the cartels are caught in a kind of 'arms race' where the government's efforts lead to an increase in the force and violence used by traffickers ... unfortunately, that seems to be what we are witnessing in Mexico and many other parts of the world, "the statement said.

It also emphasizes that countries have forgotten the original purpose of their struggle, which is to ensure the safety and health of citizens of the world.

Regarding consumers, the analysis points out that "less than ten percent of consumers can be classified as drug dependent or troublemaker." Add the need to provide rehabilitation options and do not criminalize them, respecting their human rights.

The document also says that "most people who are dedicated to the cultivation of cocaine, opium and marijuana are small producers who are struggling to bring up their families and have no other option, so give them prison sentences as were the leaders of a drug cartel does not solve the problem. "

"So instead of running the machinery of war" anti-narcotics "against this large population of producers, who previously were in misery, mules and retailers, and sellers of people addicted to drugs, surgical strategy must address against those who actually run the cartels and those from the possession of the shelter, "he said.

According to the report, the strategy should take the nations would "place of public sector which are being corrupted by the cartels, which sectors of society are being intimidated or threatened for collaborating with drug traffickers, and which sectors have the highest rates high addiction. "

Finally, the report states the proposal to reduce the penalties imposed on retailers, because "many young people are exploited to make the riskiest job of selling drugs on the streets, many are addicted to drugs, or people coerced or forced to carry them . Thus, governments fill the prisons with petty criminals serving very long sentences, with a large social cost, no results that violate the drug market. "